Tag Archives: heart disease risks

Elaine1

Diaphragmatic Breathing

Diaphragmatic Breathing

 Decrease Anxiety and Tension While Improving Core Strength...with Diaphragmatic Breathing

Breathing is an automatic and unconscious part of living. However, are there better ways to breathe? Can better breathing improve posture? Improve/maximize workouts? Decrease back//neck/shoulder pain and anxiety? The answer to all those questions is YES! Its called diaphragmatic breathing. Elaine1 Please take a moment and assess your own breathing patterns (both inhalation and exhalation). Lie on your back with knees bent (preferably a firm surface with no pillow under your head), now place one hand on your chest and one on your belly. Take a nice deep breath in! What rises first? Chest? Belly? Do your ribs move? Now exhale. What moves first? What should breathing look like? If you are using “ideal” breathing mechanics, the sequence for inhalation should be: ribs expand, belly rises, then chest rises (minimally); exhalation sequence: action should be led by ribs moving down and in, therefore both belly and chest collapse at the same time.

What is the diaphragm?

Elaine2The diaphragm is a huge, dome-shaped muscle at the bottom of the rib cage that serves as the main muscle for respiration and plays a vital role in the breathing process. Although it is used 24/7, it goes largely unnoticed (unless you get hiccups!). When breathing in, the diaphragm contracts, in conjunction with the intercostal muscles, it lowers the pressure in the thoracic cavity which enables air to enter the lungs. When breathing out, the diaphragm relaxes/elongates along with the intercostal muscles, allowing air to leave. Air may be forced out faster by increasing abdominal pressure using the transverse abdominis muscle.   The diaphragm also has an important role in stabilizing the core. It forms the top of the core ‘box,’ working with the internal and external obliques, quadratus lumborum, transversus abdominis and pelvic floor.   elaine3                

Benefits of proper diaphragmatic breathing patterns:

Relieves tension in neck and back

Many people with back/neck and even shoulder pain are “shallow breathers”, meaning when taking a deep breath in, the chest rises first and shoulders go up. “Shallow breathers” use accessory muscles such as scalenes and sternocleidomastoid for deep breathing which, over time, could lead to tightness and muscle imbalances through the neck/shoulder area. Tightness and muscle imbalance in these muscles can cause neck pain, shoulder pain, and even headaches. Initiating a breath with diaphragm, the ribs expands/move, allowing your back muscles (paraspinals) and your abdominals to lengthen. This creates movement through your thoracic spine (where ribs attach), provides natural traction to the lumbar spine (potentially improving disc health), relieving tension and improve mobility through entire spine.

Improves calming system and decrease anxiety

Proper diaphragmatic lengthening and contraction (through proper deep breathing) activates the vagus nerve and triggers a relaxation response (parasympathetic).  If the diaphragm never contracts properly, the body is held in “fight or flight” state (sympathetic nervous system), which could lead to rapid, shallow breathing and feeling anxious. Deep breathing for just 20 to 30 minutes each day will increases the supply of oxygen to your brain, reduce anxiety and reduce stress. Breathing techniques help you feel connected to your body—it brings your awareness away from the worries in your head and quiets your mind. The relaxation response is critical in order for your body to heal, repair and renew.

Improves core strength

During the inhalation portion of breathing, the diaphragm contracts and moves down (opens like an umbrella), the ribcage expands, and the “core” muscles lengthens (transverse abdominus and obliques). As with any other muscle groups, there has to be a lengthening and shortening in order to strengthen (take your bicep for example). During the exhalation portion of breathing, the diaphragm relaxes, the ribs moves in and down allowing for obliques and other “core” muscles to contract (including pelvic floor) and improve core strength. Active exhalation can be achieved by contraction of the abdominal wall muscles (rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, external oblique muscle and internal oblique muscle). An amazing foundation starts with great breathing. Take a deep breath... Thank you for reading. If you have any further questions, please visit www.pureptandwellness.com, call 813-773-3494 or email elaine@pureptandwellness.com Elaine Coetzee PT, DPT, ATC Owner, Physical Therapist Pure PT and Wellness, LLC *All content created for educational purposes only. If you are experiencing pain or looking to optimize your movement, schedule a free 15-minute phone call with me to discuss steps to handle this. Always seek advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read online.

Breast Cancer and Exercise

Breast Cancer and Exercise

Why Exercise is Critical to your Recovery

While everyone can agree, exercise is part of a recipe for a better, healthier life, and exercise can do some amazing things.  Not only can it help us control our weight, decrease our risk of disease, but it can also make is physically stronger, improve our emotional well being and keep us independent.

As a breast cancer survivor, exercise can help you take control of your life in a new world that leaves you feeling out of control.   It can help you live strong, take better care of yourself physically and emotionally so you can look to the future!  The benefits of exercise before, during and after your cancer treatment are too numerous to mention and the medical community agrees!

Knowledge is power!

In 2009 the American College of Sports Medicine ("ACSM") assembled a panel of medical experts to evaluate the safety and benefits of exercise for cancer survivors and the results were conclusive.  In 2010, ACSM issued these results in formal guidelines on exercise for cancer survivors entitled "Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors".  The roundtable concluded that exercise is both safe and beneficial for survivors in not only physical strength, fatigue, quality of life, but also increasing survival rates and reducing possible recurrence of cancer.

When you have been released by your doctor and ready to return to your exercise regimen after surgery, or you have never exercised and it's time to rebuild your strength and relieve pain after treatment, it is important that you exercise safely and appropriately, as your physical exercise needs are unique.

In the wonderful world of the internet, knowledge is now just a click away so you have endless resources to educate yourself on what you can or can't do with respect to exercise. BreastCancer.org is a great place to start.   If you re not comfortable with starting out on your own, the next best route is to work with a certified cancer exercise trainer who has experience working with survivors.

Remember, as a post-surgical breast cancer survivor, your needs are unique.  It's probably a good bet that the personal trainer at the gym down the street doesn't have the experience or the credentials to work with a survivor.  As a survivor, your return to exercise is a slow, progressive and gentle process of restoring your strength, range of motion and mobility.

Whether you decided to go it alone, or if you need help, Wise Women Fitness is here for you.  When you work with our certified Breast Cancer Exercise Specialist, you can feel safe, confident and comfortable knowing that you're health and wellness needs are in good hands.  If you'd like more information visit our Pink Ribbon Program webpage.

As always, yours in health, Lynn  
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Plant-based Diets for a Healthy Heart

Plant-based Diets for a Healthy Heart

Having a plant based diet doesn’t automatically make you healthy. Being vegan or vegetarian can be a great choice for your health, but only if you are making the right food choices. Studies show that individuals who ate plenty of healthy plant foods -- such as vegetables, beans and whole grains -- did have a lower risk of heart disease. This was not true, however, if people loaded up on foods that are technically plant-based, but not all that healthy.  Diets heavy in pasta, bread, potatoes and sweets appeared just as bad as, if not worse than, diets high in animal products. You can read about the study here from CBS news.
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Ready for a RESET? Our 21 Day Health Reset Challenge Starts August 1st!

Are you TIRED of feeling tired?

So how are you feeling these days?  Do you find you're carrying a lot more around your middle. And none of your old tricks for quick weight loss are working? You've done 3 days of Atkins, hit the gym a couple of times a week, cut back on alcohol or sweets--but none of this is working for you the way it once did?  

The truth is, menopause, and the preceding perimenopause, can wreak some serious havoc on our bodies and metabolism.  The old tricks we used to use to drop those 5-10 pounds don't work anymore.
It's an entirely different 'ball game' now that we're over 40 (even some ladies in their 30's!)

But we can help.  Let us teach you how to RESET your metabolism in just 21 days with our 21 Day Health Reset Challenge. NO crazy diets, shakes or pills. Just back to basics with real food, exercise, lots of education, and also important, some mind work!  Oh, and you'll be surrounded by women your own age, with tons of morale support.  

If you're interested in learning more about this upcoming special promotion, click on the link here.  We only run these types of challenges two times a year and this is one of them.

We're keeping this program limited to a small group of women (less than 10), so if you want in, you'll need to sign up early.

Until then, wishing you well and as always, yours in health,

Lynn

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Yoga for Treating Back Pain

Yoga for Treating Back Pain 

A recent study showed that yoga may be as effective for treating back pain as physical therapy. This reduction in back pain also created a reduction in pain medication taken. With the chronic overuse of narcotics currently in our country, it’s great to see that there can be another alternative for managing pain. Yoga is great for improving flexibility and strengthening the core and other stabilizing muscles that support the spine. It is important to keep a few things in mind if you decide to try yoga to relieve back pain:
  1. Seek out a reputable yoga studio or private practice teacher. Well trained yoga teachers will know how to instruct you in poses and provide modifications so you don’t get injured.
  2. Pay attention to how your body is feeling and don’t push beyond your edge. Allow your body to adapt and change, don’t force it.
  3. Pay attention to your form in poses. Listen closely to cues from the teacher. A good teacher will provide the help you need to hold poses properly.
  4. Be aware of the type of group yoga class you sign up for. If you are going to a studio, be sure to read the description of the class you intend to take. It should tell you what level the class is and what to expect.
You can read about the study here from CBS news.

Thoughts on Completing my 21-day Detox Reset

YAY - I FINISHED!

Yesterday was the final day of my self-imposed 21-day detox reset plan and I am feeling accomplished!  In this past year, my busy schedule has gotten the better of me and I was reaching for nutritional quick-fixes like protein bars, packaged foods and eating out.   I wasn’t planning my meals, I was drinking way too many craft beers and just not taking care of my body like I should.  As if post-menopause wasn’t enough to deal with, consequently, my body responded to the neglect - I gained 10 pounds, I was feeling bloated and sluggish (OMG, can you spell, I-N-F-L-A-M-M-A-T-I-O-N?), mushy and all around frumpy so I decided, enough is enough!  I’m a fitness professional!  I was tired of feeling chunky and it was time to reset my hormones, reduce my inflammation and feel human again!

Now, I’m not saying that I ate and drank like this every day, but you’d be amazed at how quickly this stuff adds up!  Habits form VERY quickly and before you know it, you’re in a rut.

What I did

So, for the last 21-days I would say I eliminated the following crap from my diet:
  • Sugar in any form other than fresh fruit – no chocolate, candy, muffins, baked goods, NONE!
  • Protein bars – NONE! Every protein bar is packaged and contains some form of SUGAR!
  • Any Processed foods – any food that was pre-packaged was off the list – these contain preservatives, chemicals and, guess what: SUGAR!
  • Beer - this was a hard one and I wasn’t perfect, but, I was shocked at how much beer I was drinking each week! I think I may have had 2 total beers in the last 21 days. This is a far cry from my prior consumption and just think of all the carbs I eliminated.  And you guessed it, carbs = SUGAR!
  • Wine – off the list…SUGAR.
  • Anything fried – no chicken wings or chicken tenders for me. Again, I wasn’t perfect and I did break down 1 time, but hey, I’m only human. 😉
  • Pasta and bread – I tried to keep these to a minimum and derive my carbs from veggies.
  • Processed deli meats – too many preservatives!
  • Fast food of ANY kind – NONE!

One of the most important aspects of my detox reset was I re-introduced regular exercise into my life.  I had fallen out of habit with my regular routine and being post-menopausal, this is a recipe for weight-gain disaster, hence the extra 10 pounds!   I’ve started swimming laps twice a week – just 30 minutes of intervals gives me a TOTAL body workout.  I’ve also incorporated 30 minutes of power-walking no less than 3 days a week, 2 of those days includes 30 minutes of resistance training.

Don’t get me wrong, this was HARD!  And, making big changes like this is probably likened to going into rehab but I’m not one to ‘ease’ into anything; it’s gotta be all-in for me.  The result has been an interesting journey and I have paid very close attention to how my body felt and what my cravings were. 

The Hard stuff

I’d say the hardest thing I have dealt with was not having a beer at the end of my day – I viewed this as a reward for hard work and it was a well-practiced habit for me.  But after the first 4-5 days, I didn’t think about it at all.  Lots of sparkling water in a cold beer glass for me.  A surprising early epiphany for me was that my sugar cravings were gone almost immediately.  I LOVE chocolate.  Once I set my mind to not having any, I didn’t even think about it. 

How did I feel

I did notice the first week feeling pretty tired and a little sluggish (more than usual) which I believe was my body’s way of detoxing.  I also noticed that whenever I ate, I would become sluggish and tired soon after, like I wanted to nap. Again, I likened this to eliminating a lot of carbs and refined sugars from my nutrition.  My body was very used to having this crap to function and suddenly, it was no more.  This was easily remedied with a piece of fruit or a handful of grapes after a meal or at the slightest hint of tiredness, I would head for the treadmill (seriously).

Oh, and I was (and still am) was hungry A LOT – eliminating cruddy, processed carbs = hunger.  I filled in the gaps with lots of salads, veggies and clean protein for me.

How do I feel now

I feel GREAT!  It’s like I’m back in my own skin again!  My belly is no longer bloated, my clothes are fitting better and looser, and last week the scale started to move and I’m down 3.5 pounds since I started.  More importantly, I have rewired my brain and eliminated some REALLY bad habits that I had formed.  It truly is amazing how our bodies respond to the environment we subject it to – both good and bad.  My amazing machine is feeling amazing again! 

Every now and then it’s a good idea to take stock of our present situation; how we’re taking care of our bodies, ourselves.  Every now and then, it’s a good idea to “reset”.  It’s not easy, but the result will leave you feeling accomplished, strong and simply amazing!! 

As always, yours in health, Lynn

       
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15 Great Pre-Workout Snacks

15 Great Pre-Workout Snacks 

Fueling before your workout is really important.  Eating the right foods before a workout can give you the necessary fuel to keep you strong through your entire workout.  Though protein is important for building and repairing muscle, carbohydrates are what keeps you energized during long workouts. You need to allow time for the foods you eat before your workout to be digested and absorbed. Time your snacks so that the energy they provide is readily available when you exercise. Small snacks can take as little as 30 minutes to digest. However, every body is different, so try experimenting with your eating and exercise schedule to find out what works best for you. Click here for 15 great ideas for a pre-workout snack.    
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How Exercise Can Improve Sleep

How Exercise Can Improve Sleep 

Rest and recovery is an important component to good health.  A sound night’s sleep can be a huge benefit. Sleep deprivation can lead to serious health problems like diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke. It can also kill your sex drive, impair your thinking, age your skin, cause obesity and depression.  Studies show that exercise can improve sleep quality. Insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome. To learn more about this study and the importance of sound sleep, click here.    
HAVE YOU TRIED THAT CRAZY DETOX DIET-

Detox Fads

Detox, Schmetox

As move into day 7 of my self-imposed detox, I find it fortuitous that I just came across an amazing research based nutrition article in the June issue of ACE Fitness Journal, entitled “'Detoxing’ Requires Guts!

After reading the article I am compelled to blog about it because I feel so strongly about its content and I wanted to impress upon you how important it is that you stop riding this danged merry-go-round of crappy nutrition and fast-fixes (which never really fix anything)!

I am not afraid to admit:  I’m not perfect – I never claim to be.  I am human and I too fall prey to jumping on that stupid merry-go-round when my life gets hectic (as it has been of late.)  But, I do recognize when the darn thing is spinning out of control – I feel bloated, tired, gassy and swollen like a puffer fish!  This is my signal that it’s time for me to leap OFF the ride.

So, I will share with you a quote that I tell all our beautiful wise women clients during their initial consultation meeting with me.  I refer to our bodies as " the most amazing machine" and for good reason.  Simply put, your body is BRILLIANT!

YOUR BODY has its own built-in, BRILLIANT natural detoxification system!  It DOES NOT require any supplement, special drink, or ridiculous store-bought cleanse to detoxify.  Each and every single organ in your body is part of an intricate and brilliant operating system that needs nothing more than REAL food and GOOD hydration to prioritize its functions so the system will run efficiently and effectively.

These days, trendy words like “cleanse” or "detox" conjures thoughts of drinking nasty concoctions for days or seriously depriving your body of nutrients, doesn’t it?  But in reality, detoxing our body is just a simple way of eliminating the CRAP that we put into it.  In our very fast-paced world, we have become accustomed to heading to the drive-thru, reaching for prepared boxed frozen foods, fast-foods, quick-fixes, and any instant gratification to satisfy the grumbling in our gut, so much so that our body now overcompensates and struggles to function as it was intended to.  This leads us to then try and manage all the side-effects (weight gain, headaches, bloating, constipation, lethargy), with the latest probiotic, OTC medicines, liver detoxes (OMG, really?!) and ‘juice cleansing’ potions.

Instead of challenging, frustrating and irritating your amazing machine (a/k/a your body) with crappy nutrition and poor lifestyle choices, why not give it a break?  Give it the NATURAL resources it needs to support the optimal function of its built-in BRILLIANT detox system.

Deciding to take a detox break isn't easy and it does require a little discipline, but the rewards are tremendous.  Your detox break doesn’t have to be perfect, it just has to be better! I promise you, once you get past the first few days of eliminating all the processed crud and toxins from your body, you will be amazed at how much better you look AND feel.  Improving your digestive nutrition will enable better health and better functioning of your incredible machine!

So, save your money. Email me with the subject line “detox” and I’ll send you a PDF of the full article “’Detoxing’ Requires Guts!”  This is a GREAT read and can really help you better understand how your digestive system functions so you can make better choices and you can FEEL better!

Until next time, stay healthy and stay informed. Lynn

 
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Tips for Staying Hydrated

Tips for Staying Hydrated 

The official start of summer is just a few weeks away, but here but in Florida, the summer weather is in full force. With the hot and humid weather, it becomes even more important to pay attention to your hydration. Working out in warm temperatures creates added sweat loss, increasing the potential for dehydration. Here are some tips for monitoring and maintaining proper hydration. Drink plenty of water Drink water during exercise and after. It is recommended that everyone should drink at least eight cups of water a day, but if you are experiencing sweat loss with exercise, you need even more. Don’t wait until you are thirsty. Thirst is a sign of possible dehydration. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends adding 12 ounces of water to your daily intake for every 30 minutes of exercise. As with anything, don’t over-do a good thing or you could experience water intoxication or hyponatremia. Sip some sports drink or coconut water When we sweat we lose electrolytes. Sports drinks and coconut water contain electrolytes which water does not. You can make a homemade sports drink (recipe here) if you want a less sugary, healthful alternative. Don’t skip the fruit Fruits can be a source of electrolytes and fluid. For example, dates and bananas have high levels of the electrolyte potassium. Pay attention to your output When you are hydrated, your urine should be pale yellow. Dark yellow could indicate dehydration. Monitor your physical performance If you are feeling more easily fatigued when exercising, it could be an indication that you are not properly hydrated. Dehydration creates a decrease in athletic performance aerobically and anaerobically. Take the pinch test If you pinch the skin on the back of your hand, holding for a few seconds and let go to find your skin takes a bit to return to normal, you may be dehydrated. Keep these tips in mind to stay healthy and hydrated all summer. By Lois Waite